Do you see your washbasins, walls, and dishes riddled with stains? Does your skin look itchy and dry after the shower? If yes, it means you are using hard water.

Do you know what hard water is? Let me explain. Hard water basically taps water that comes from a well or some other untreated source. It contains a high concentration of minerals and insoluble metals and salts.

A Quick Word on Hard Water

Hard water may not only clog up your kettle but it may also contribute to health issues such as cardiovascular disorder, diabetes, reproductive failure and so on.

In addition, when combined with soap, hard water will not make lather or help to remove grease. The soft water makes the cleaning process easy because it prohibits metallic minerals present in water to react with detergent compounds.   

So, it is important to turn hard water into soft water. How to do that? The process of changing hard water into soft is known as ‘softening’. Either boiling water or using chemical can change hard water into soft water. Here is a detailed article with reviews and ratings on the best water softeners.

However, conventional water heaters can soften hard water to some degree. It creates mineral deposits just like the aforementioned ones that accumulate in kettles. 

There is another method to soften water is known as ‘Chelation’. There are many chemical detergents that contain chelation agents like EDTA, NTA, Sodium Tripolyphosphate, and citric acid.

Citric Acid Softeners

A citric acid softener is a substance that binds metal ions, most commonly calcium and magnesium, in water. By binding them with a chelant, you can stop these minerals to get deposited on the surface of your shower walls or other places.

However, overuse of citric acid can react with your alkaline cleaning detergent, making it less effective.

Chelants eliminate the metal ions that help crosslink and stabilize most stain structures. So, it is advisable, use little quantity of citric acid to

“Hard water” sounds like an oxymoron, but it’s a natural occurrence in a majority of homes across the world. While using cleansers containing chelants, please do read the product’s label carefully and follow the instructions for safe use and keep these in a secure place, away from the reach of children and pets.